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The Red Cross

The International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC), founded in Geneva in 1863, has as its mandate to protect and assist victims of war and internal violence. The 15-25 members of the committee itself are all Swiss citizens, but its employees are international, and the bulk of its finance comes from voluntary contributions by states and supranational bodies. The ICRC operates worldwide, helping the victims of war, acting as a neutral mediator in cases of conflict, and promoting knowledge and respect for humanitarian law.

In addition, Switzerland has its own national Red Cross society.

The national societies of the whole world are grouped in the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies, which also has its headquarters in Geneva.

Clip - 60 Years Geneva Conventions


Signed on 12 August 1949 in Geneva, the four conventions form the basis for international humanitarian law. Their intention is to protect people in an armed conflict who are not or are no longer participating in hostilities, and to regulate the conduct of combatants during the conflict, by limiting their scope of action.